The city of Tulkarem is located in the middle of the eastern part of the coastal plain, 15 km east the Mediterranean sea, and 88km from Jerusalem. The heights of the hills in the city are between 55 – 120 meters above sea level.
Tulkarm was settled by the Canaanites in 3000 B.C. and tombs from early Canaanites have been discovered in the vicinity of the city. It later became a Roman post called Birat Soriqa. During the Islamic period, the original name was Tor Al Karm which means ‘The Mount of Vineyards.’ In the middle of the 17th century AD, the local inhabitants pronounced it ‘tul’ instead of ‘tor,’ and it has been known as Tulkarm until today. The population flourished in the city starting in the Roman period up until the present day because of its rich soil and the availability of water. The city also gained importance when the Ottomans made it the capital of the region.
The Tulkarm Archaeological Museum, which is located in the center of the town, includes numerous artifacts from the Roman period onward.